The plaque bacteria produce toxins that can lead to inflammation of the gums called gingivitis. This initial stage of gum disease is reversible. However, if you do not remove plaque by brushing and flossing your teeth, it can build up and infect your gums, teeth and the bone that supports them, leading to a more severe form of gum disease, periodontitis. If left untreated, periodontitis can result in the loss of bone and teeth. Researchers have found that people with gum disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease.
The signs of gum disease are not always easy to see and can be painless. The earlier gum disease is caught, the easier it is to treat. That's why it's important to see your dentist and hyregularly.